Applications for Judicial Reviews are usually decided at the Upper Tribunal, Immigration and Asylum Chamber in respect of certain decisions made by the Secretary of State and entry clearance officers under immigration legislation. The types of cases where an application for Judicial Review may be challenged at Upper Tribunal are those to which paragraph 1 of the Lord Chief Justice’s direction of 21 August 2013 applies.

    • The Upper Tribunal also has jurisdiction to deal with judicial reviews of other decisions, where the application has been made to the High Court, but which that Court decides to designate as an immigration matter and transfer to the Upper Tribunal under section 31A(3) of the Senior Courts Act 1981. It is also possible for a Court to transfer a judicial review application to Upper Tribunal, where the challenge is to the assessment of the age of a person who claims to be a minor from outside the United Kingdom.
    • Where the Home Office, UKBA have refused an application for entry clearance or leave to remain and have not granted right of appeal against the refusal of the application, such refusal can be challenged by way of Judicial Review (JR) within 90 days from the date of the refusal letter.
    • The Civil Procedure Rules require that Pre-Action Protocol notice must be sent to the Home Office, UKBA giving them at least 14 days to review their decision and change their decision in light of the information/documentary evidence given through Pre Action Protocol letter. As a result of Pre Action Protocol letter, the Home Office, UKBA may review their decision to refuse the application and may either maintain the refusal or grant the visa.
    • If the decision to refuse is maintained by the Home Office, UKBA or the Home Office, UKBA do not respond to the Pre Action Protocol letter within 14 days, you can make an application to the Upper Tribunal for permission to apply for Judicial Review. Such application is made on papers and the court will refuse and grant permission on papers and without a court hearing. The majority of the applications for permission to apply for Judicial Review (JR) are resolved by consent at this stage after negotiations between the Treasury Solicitors (the solicitors representing the Home Office, UKBA) and the claimant's solicitors.
    • If paper application for permission to apply for Judicial Review (JR) is refused by the Upper Tribunal, the claimant can then make an application for renewal of permission for Judicial Review (JR) within 7 days for the permission application to be decided after a court hearing. The court will list the matter for hearing and the permission will be granted or refused after the court hearing.
    • If the permission is granted either at the stage of application on papers or after the hearing in the court, the Judicial Review (JR) will then be listed for substantive hearing whereby the Upper Tribunal will decide whether or not the decision of the Home Office, UKBA is in accordance with the relevant laws.
    • If permission to apply for Judicial Review (JR) is refused by the Upper Tribunal following oral hearing, an application can then be made to the Court of Appeal for permission to appeal to the Court of Appeal within 7 days of the order of the Upper Tribunal refusing permission to apply for Judicial Review

Pre Action Protocol For Judicial Review Against The Home Office, UKBA

Paper Application To Upper Tribunal For Permission To Apply For Judicial Review (JR)

Renewal Of An Application For Permission To Apply For Judicial Review (JR) Against The Home Office, UKBA

Judicial Review Against The Home Office, UKBA Following Grant Of Permission To Apply For Judicial Review (JR)

Emergency Injunction To Stop Removal From The UK